list#


list#
list n List, table, catalog, schedule, register, roll, roster, inventory denote a series of names or of items written down or printed as a memorandum, a record, or a source of information, but, because of wide differences in their range of application, they are not freely interchangeable.
List is the most comprehensive and the most widely applicable of these terms since it may or may not imply methodical arrangement (as in alphabetical or chronological order) and it may itemize units of various kinds (as persons or objects or facts or words or figures)
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a grocery list

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a list of invited guests

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price list

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an engagement list

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Table is also widely applicable, but it distinctively implies arrangement in an order that will assist the person who makes use of it in quickly finding the information he desires; consequently, it usually suggests presentation of items in columns, often, when the items are related or associated with each other, in parallel columns; thus, a table of weights may give in the first column an alphabetical list of the weights of all countries and add in the following columns, directly on a line with each of these names, the place in which it is used, its equivalent in Amer-ican or British weights, and its equivalent in metric weight
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a table of contents of a book

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a table of logarithms

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annuity tables

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a timetable of trains

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Catalog basically applies to a complete list or enumeration of all instances of a kind
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a catalog of the Lepidoptera of Michigan

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a catalog of the popes

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The term is used more often of an informative itemized descriptive list (as of the books in a library, the works of art in a museum, the courses given in a university or college, or the articles for sale by a company). Because business, educational, and art catalogs often contain much other information of value, the term often loses its essential meaning of list, although these catalogs have usually for their main object the presentation of complete lists.
Schedule (see also PROGRAM) applies especially to an itemized statement of particulars, whether it is appended to a document (as a bill or statute) to provide supplementary details
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Schedule D of the tariff bill

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or is separate
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a schedule of a bankrupt's debts

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a schedule of assets and liabilities

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Register is applicable primarily to the official book, parchments, or papers in which are entered from time to time names or items of a specific character, together with pertinent details, for the sake of maintaining a record
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a register of births

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a register of marriages

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a register of seamen

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Since, however, these entries constitute not only a record but also a list or catalog, the term often more strongly suggests an official listing or enumeration than a series of entries
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his name is not in the register of voters

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Roll is applicable to a list and especially an official list of the names of those who belong to a certain group or force; thus, a muster roll includes the names of all the officers and men of a military body or of a ship's company present or accounted for on the day of muster; a class roll is a list of all students belonging to a class.
Roster, which is chiefly a military term, applies basically to a table containing a roll of officers and men or sometimes of units and specifying such matters as the order of their rotation in duties or their special assignments.
Inventory is a catalog of the goods and chattels and sometimes the real estate held by a person or a corporation at a particular time (as at the person's death or at the stocktaking of the corporation)
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the merchant makes an inventory of his stock annually on January 15th

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In extended use the term often refers to a list similar in its details to those of a true inventory
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nothing short of an authentic passion for concrete detail. . . can give the saving gusto and animation which carry off safely the long inventories of utensils and articles of food and attire in Scott and Defoe— Montague

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list vb *record, register, enroll, catalog

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List — bezeichnet: eine ausgefuchste Täuschung ein verborgenes taktisches Manöver, siehe Taktik LIST (Psychologie), ein Inventar zur Erfassung von Lernstrategien im Studium den Paul List Verlag, heute zum Ullstein Verlag gehörig Orte: List (Sylt), die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List — List, n. [AS. l[=i]st a list of cloth; akin to D. lijst, G. leiste, OHG. l[=i]sta, Icel. lista, listi, Sw. list, Dan. liste. In sense 5 from F. liste, of German origin, and thus ultimately the same word.] 1. A strip forming the woven border or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • List — or lists may refer to:* A mailing list * Comma separated lists, a common way of listing in everyday life and computing. ( British usage : Comma separated values) * An electronic mailing list * An electoral list * List (computing) * Lists… …   Wikipedia

  • List — (l[i^]st), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Listed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Listing}.] [From list a roll.] 1. To sew together, as strips of cloth, so as to make a show of colors, or form a border. Sir H. Wotton. [1913 Webster] 2. To cover with list, or with strips …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • List — Sf std. (8. Jh.), mhd. list, ahd. list (auch m) Stammwort. Aus g. * listi f., auch in gt. lists, anord. list, ae. list m./f. Verbalabstraktum zu dem unter lehren und lernen behandelten Verbalstamm (g.) * lais wissen, (lernen, erkennen) . Das Wort …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • list — list1 [list] n. [ME liste, merging < OE, a hem, border & Anglo Fr < OFr < Gmc * lista, akin to Ger leiste < IE base * leizd , edge, border > L lira, line, furrow, Alb leth, the raised border of a plot of ground, wall] 1. Obs. a… …   English World dictionary

  • LIST — Le journal des amateurs de programmation était une revue d informatique grand public dont le premier numéro fut publié en juillet août 1984, et vendu au prix de 20 Francs. Un numéro était publié tous les deux mois, ou presque, puisqu il était… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • list — n: calendar Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. list …   Law dictionary

  • LIST (F.) — LIST FRIEDRICH (1789 1846) Né à Reutlingen, Friedrich List est tour à tour professeur à Tübingen, journaliste, député, proscrit, incarcéré, expatrié aux États Unis. Ses idées sont exprimées dans son principal ouvrage, Système national d’économie… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • List — List: Das gemeingerm. Wort mhd., ahd. list, got. lists, aengl. list, schwed. list gehört zu der unter ↑ leisten dargestellten Wortgruppe. Es bedeutete ursprünglich »Wissen« und bezog sich auf die Techniken der Jagdausübung und des Kampfes, auf… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch